#LUC MICHEL’S GEOPOLITICAL DAILY/ SEEN FROM THE USA: ECONOMIC WAR AT THE HEART OF THE TRUMP WITHDRAWAL OF THE IRANIAN NUCLEAR AGREEMENTS (WHAT IS ‘STRATFOR’)

 

LM.GEOPOL - Trump usa iran stratfor    (2018 05 12) ENGL 1

 

LUC MICHEL (ЛЮК МИШЕЛЬ) & EODE/

Luc MICHEL pour EODE/

Quotidien géopolitique – Geopolitical Daily/

2018 05 12/

 

“The U.S State and Treasury departments, along with the Director of National Intelligence (DNI), will determine whether each country has cut imports of Iranian oil by the end of the period and include the ending of contracts, lower volumes and any percent reduction in their determinations. Based on the policy of the administration under President Barack Obama, the cutoff necessary for an exemption was a decline of 18 to 20 percent”

- ‘Stratfor’ (May 11. 2018).

 

"Being taught by the enemy is an honor and a duty"

- General Karl Hausofer (1869-1946),

the geopolitician of the "Continental Blocks".

 

The whole central problem of the Iranian Nuclear Dossier comes from the fact that there are simultaneously different visions of the issue: that of the leaders of the EU (where the vision of their economic interests prevails), that of Tehran (supported by Moscow and Beijing), that of Tel-Aviv (which is that of the Likud-AIPAC Axis, which rallied Trump, and predominates in the USA), and finally that of the interests of American Geopolitics itself. All these visions are contradictory and antagonistic. And each part gives its different to the words, we are not in the double language but in the shock of multiple languages! And to understand the Iranian issue and the current crisis, we must know them.

 

It is therefore necessary to read the adversary, as I recalled the day before yesterday. Precisely, the influential Think Tank 'Stratfor' has published a lengthy analysis, "What the US Withdrawal Will," exposing the US view of Trump's withdrawal from the agreements on Iranian nuclear , signed under Obama in 2015.

 

WHAT DOES 'STRATFOR' SAY:

"ALL SANCTIONS COMING BACK"

 

“After months of threats, speculation and rumors, U.S. President Donald Trump has finally pulled the plug on the nuclear deal with Iran. On May 8, he announced the U.S. "withdrawal" from the agreement — known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) — over concerns that the deal was not comprehensive enough and did not target Iran's destabilizing regional activities. The move is a significant reversal of U.S. policy on Iran and raises a number of questions about a situation that will require close monitoring in the months to come.”

 

At the heart of Trump's policy, there is the economic war against Iran, with the resumption of sanctions, "All Sanctions Coming Back" says 'Stratfor': “In his announcement, Trump outlined a plan to reimpose all suspended primary and secondary sanctions on strategic sectors of Iran's economy, including the vital oil and financial sectors. The plan also includes placing a number of people and entities back on the Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List. That inventory is kept by the U.S. Treasury Department's Office of Foreign Assets Control, which released directions noting that the sanctions would take force after a period of 90 or 180 days and start on either Aug. 6 or Nov. 4, depending on the specific sanction. Ultimately, by Nov. 4, the United States will reinstate all the sanctions that it had imposed on Iran before the JCPOA.”

 

These sanctions will be a unilateral act of the USA: “However, none of the sanctions that the European Union or U.N. Security Council removed after the signing of the nuclear deal will return.” Le coeur de ces sanctions seront les ventes de pétrole iraniennes, que Washington entend frapper au coeur.

 

AND NEXT TO THE ECONOMIC WAR AGAINST IRAN, THERE IS THE ECONOMIC WAR AGAINST THE EU …

 

And next to the economic war against Iran, there is the Economic War against the EU (this economic war USA vs. EEC-EU that persists since the '80s), which doubles as a financial war Dollar vs Euro: “The Iran nuclear deal led to the lifting of secondary sanctions that had limited foreign companies, including European and Asian firms, from doing business with Iran. Most transactions between U.S. companies and Iran, however, had remained illegal and limited by primary sanctions unrelated to the JCPOA. While the U.S. withdrawal from the JCPOA effectively ends the multilateral agreement, the European Union immediately noted that it still views the agreement as critical for ensuring regional and global security and that it remains committed to the deal — including the provision for sanctions relief for the Islamic republic.” 

 

The question will be the answer the EU will give to those sanctions that Washington wants to impose on European firms: “Brussels could pass legislation that helps European companies do business with Iran in spite of the U.S. sanctions, and it could also attempt to block Washington and challenge the United States at the World Trade Organization. Iran will depend heavily on the European signatories of the JCPOA to continue doing business as it navigates a much tougher U.S. sanctions environment, but the legal uncertainty and risk of running afoul of Washington's sanctions will compel many European companies to comply with certain U.S. sanctions regardless of Brussels' pushback.“

Iranian oil sales to the EU will also be at the heart of the matter.

 

# RESUME FRANÇAIS :

VU DES USA : LA GUERRE ECONOMIQUE AU CŒUR DU RETRAIT DE TRUMP DES ACCORDS SUR LE NUCLEAIRE IRANIEN (CE QUE DIT 'STRATFOR')

 

"Les départements d'Etat et de la Trésorerie des Etats-Unis, avec le Directeur du Renseignement National (DNI), détermineront si chaque pays a réduit les importations de pétrole iranien d'ici la fin de la période et incluent la fin des contrats, la baisse des volumes et leurs déterminations. Basé sur la politique de l'administration sous le président Barack Obama, la réduction nécessaire pour une exemption était une baisse de 18 à 20% "

- «Stratfor» (11 mai 2018).

 

Tout le problème central du dossier du nucléaire iranien vient de ce qu'il y a simultanément différentes visions du dossier: celle des dirigeants de l'UE, celle de Téhéran (soutenu par Moscou et Pékin), celle de Tel-Aviv (qui est celle de l'Axe Likoud-AIPAC, qui a rallié Trump, et prédomine aux États-Unis), celle enfin des intérêts de la Géopolitique américaine elle-même. Toutes ces visions sont contradictoires et antagonistes. Et chaque partie donne un aux différents mots, on n'est pas dans le double langage mais dans le choc des langages multiples! Et pour appréhender le dossier iranien et la crise actuelle, il faut connaître.

 

Il faut donc lire l'adversaire, comme je le rappelais avant-hier. Précisément, l'influent Think Tank 'Stratfor' a publié ce jour une longue analyse, "What the US Withdrawal Will", ce qui sera le retrait US, exposant le point de vue américain sur le retrait de Trump des accords sur le Nucléaire iranien , signés sous Obama en 2015.

 

Que dit 'stratfor':

 

« Après des mois de menaces, de spéculations et de rumeurs, le président américain Donald Trump a finalement mis fin à l'accord nucléaire avec l'Iran. Le 8 mai, il a annoncé le "retrait" américain de l'accord – connu sous le nom de Plan d'Action Complet Conjoint (JCPOA) – sur les inquiétudes que l'accord n'était pas assez complet et ne ciblait pas les activités régionales déstabilisatrices de l'Iran. Cette décision constitue un revirement important de la politique américaine en Iran et soulève un certain nombre de questions sur une situation qui exigera un suivi étroit dans les mois à venir ».

 

Au coeur de la politique de Trump, il y a la guerre économique contre l’Iran, avec la reprise des sanctions :

 

 “ Toutes les sanctions reviennent» dit ‘Stratfor’ : « Dans son annonce, Trump a esquissé un plan pour réimposer toutes les sanctions primaires et secondaires suspendues sur les secteurs stratégiques de l'économie iranienne, y compris les secteurs pétroliers et financiers vitaux. Le plan comprend également le retour d'un certain nombre de personnes et d'entités sur la liste des ressortissants et des personnes bloquées spécialement désignées. Cet inventaire est conservé par le Bureau du Contrôle des Actifs Etrangers du Département du Trésor américain, qui a publié des instructions notant que les sanctions entreraient en vigueur après une période de 90 ou 180 jours et commenceraient le 6 août ou le 4 novembre, selon la sanction spécifique . En fin de compte, le 4 novembre, les États-Unis rétabliront toutes les sanctions qu'ils ont imposées à l'Iran avant le JCPOA ».

 

Ces sanctions seront un acte unilatéral des USA : « Cependant, aucune des sanctions que l'Union européenne ou le Conseil de sécurité des États-Unis ont retirées après la signature de l'accord nucléaire ne reviendra ». Le coeur de ces sanctions seront les ventes de pétrole iraniennes, que Washington entend frapper au coeur.

 

Et à côté de la guerre économique contre l’Iran, il y a la Guerre éconmique contre l’UE (cette guerre économique USA vs CEE-UE qui perdure depuis les Années ’80), qui se double d’une guerre financière Dollar vs Euro :

 

« L'accord nucléaire iranien a conduit à la levée des sanctions secondaires qui limitaient les entreprises étrangères, y compris les entreprises européennes et asiatiques, à faire des affaires avec l'Iran. Cependant, la plupart des transactions entre les sociétés américaines et l'Iran étaient restées illégales et limitées par des sanctions primaires non liées au JCPOA. Alors que le retrait des États-Unis du PAGC met effectivement fin à l'accord multilatéral, l'Union européenne a immédiatement noté qu'elle considérait toujours l'accord comme essentiel pour assurer la sécurité régionale et mondiale et qu'elle restait attachée à l'accord – y compris l'allégement des sanctions république ».

 

La question sera la réponse que l’UE apportera à ces sanctions que Washington voudra imposer aux firmes européennes : « Bruxelles pourrait adopter une législation qui aide les entreprises européennes à faire des affaires avec l'Iran malgré les sanctions américaines, et pourrait également tenter de bloquer Washington et de défier les Etats-Unis à l'Organisation mondiale du commerce. L'Iran dépendra fortement des signataires européens du JCPOA pour continuer à faire des affaires alors qu'il navigue dans un environnement de sanctions américaines beaucoup plus dur, mais l'incertitude juridique et le risque de contrecarrer les sanctions de Washington contraindront de nombreuses entreprises européennes à respecter certaines sanctions américaines. Le refoulement de Bruxelles ».

Les ventes de pétrole iraniennes vers l’UE seront aussi au cœur du dossier.

 

 

# DOCUMENT/

“WHAT THE U.S. WITHDRAWAL WILL”

(‘STRATFOR’, THE BRIEF, MAY 11, 2018)

 

Do to the Iran Nuclear Deal

 

After months of threats, speculation and rumors, U.S. President Donald Trump has finally pulled the plug on the nuclear deal with Iran. On May 8, he announced the U.S. "withdrawal" from the agreement — known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) — over concerns that the deal was not comprehensive enough and did not target Iran's destabilizing regional activities. The move is a significant reversal of U.S. policy on Iran and raises a number of questions about a situation that will require close monitoring in the months to come.

 

The Big Picture

 

As we wrote in Stratfor's 2018 Second-Quarter Forecast, Washington's gaze will be squarely on the Islamic Republic of Iran this quarter. The United States' withdrawal from the nuclear deal will reaffirm Tehran's desire for a robust defense policy that includes the very activities fueling U.S. fears: ballistic missile development, covert operations and support for regional militias. When it comes to international diplomacy, however, Iran will now have little choice but to make its case to friendly partners in Europe, such as France and Germany.

 

All Sanctions Coming Back

 

In his announcement, Trump outlined a plan to reimpose all suspended primary and secondary sanctions on strategic sectors of Iran's economy, including the vital oil and financial sectors. The plan also includes placing a number of people and entities back on the Specially Designated Nationals and Blocked Persons List. That inventory is kept by the U.S. Treasury Department's Office of Foreign Assets Control, which released directions noting that the sanctions would take force after a period of 90 or 180 days and start on either Aug. 6 or Nov. 4, depending on the specific sanction. Ultimately, by Nov. 4, the United States will reinstate all the sanctions that it had imposed on Iran before the JCPOA. However, none of the sanctions that the European Union or U.N. Security Council removed after the signing of the nuclear deal will return.

 

European Union Likely to Push Back

 

The Iran nuclear deal led to the lifting of secondary sanctions that had limited foreign companies, including European and Asian firms, from doing business with Iran. Most transactions between U.S. companies and Iran, however, had remained illegal and limited by primary sanctions unrelated to the JCPOA. While the U.S. withdrawal from the JCPOA effectively ends the multilateral agreement, the European Union immediately noted that it still views the agreement as critical for ensuring regional and global security and that it remains committed to the deal — including the provision for sanctions relief for the Islamic republic. Brussels could pass legislation that helps European companies do business with Iran in spite of the U.S. sanctions, and it could also attempt to block Washington and challenge the United States at the World Trade Organization. Iran will depend heavily on the European signatories of the JCPOA to continue doing business as it navigates a much tougher U.S. sanctions environment, but the legal uncertainty and risk of running afoul of Washington's sanctions will compel many European companies to comply with certain U.S. sanctions regardless of Brussels' pushback.

 

Questions for the Oil Markets

 

The success of sanctions will depend on how much they affect Iran's oil exports. The penalties that affect purchases of Iranian oil will take effect at the end of the 180-day period, on Nov. 4. Any country that wants an exemption can get one so long as its oil purchases from Iran are significantly reduced. The U.S State and Treasury departments, along with the Director of National Intelligence (DNI), will determine whether each country has cut imports of Iranian oil by the end of the period and include the ending of contracts, lower volumes and any percent reduction in their determinations. Based on the policy of the administration under President Barack Obama, the cutoff necessary for an exemption was a decline of 18 to 20 percent. With Iran exporting roughly 2.5 million barrels per day, this works out to a drop of about 500,000 bpd if the sanctions are highly effective, far less than the 1 million bpd that Iran's exports declined by in 2012 due to sanctions. However, this time the European Union won't put in place a full embargo on Iran's imports, which alone led to a 600,000 bpd drop. A decline of 1 million bpd is unlikely if Tehran stays a party to the deal and does not ramp up its nuclear program. In any case, the Gulf Cooperation Council and Russia have plenty of spare capacity to make up for any fall in Iranian oil exports.

 

Options for Iran's Response

 

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said that his country considers the JCPOA a deal between Iran and five other countries — China, France, Germany, Russia and the United Kingdom — and that he has ordered Foreign Minister Javad Zarif to talk to these countries about ways to continue the agreement. But should those talks fail, Rouhani said that the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran should be ready to start increasing enrichment levels for its uranium.

Because the United States is no longer a party to the agreement, bringing up the issue in the JCPOA joint commission is a pointless strategy. Beyond talks with the European Union, Iran largely has three strategies. They involve immediately pulling out of the JCPOA and restarting parts of its nuclear program; removing the additional protocol that gives inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency easier access to its nuclear sites; and withdrawing from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

In the past, Iran has threatened to use each of these, but they represent a serious escalation for Tehran because they might irreparably damage its relationship with the European Union and lead the bloc to align with the United States on economic measures. Therefore, Iran is more likely to exhaust diplomatic options first in hopes of building up international backing to push against the United States before taking that path. But if talks fail, Iran may have no choice but to react more strongly.

 

The Risk to Iran's Economy

 

In the wake of Trump's announcement, questions swirled around the subject of Iran's economy. Such challenges aren't new and even helped ignite protests at the start of the year. The Islamic republic has long struggled to create jobs for its youth. Many Iranians complained that the JCPOA had failed to provide the country with any tangible economic benefits. The Iranian rial fell from 36,000 to the U.S. dollar in September 2017 to 60,000 in April due to speculation that the United States could reimpose sanctions. Although the Iranian Central Bank cracked down on currency traders, forcing them to apply the official rate of 42,000 rials to the dollar, the black-market rate has plunged to 70,000 rials. The currency's fluctuating exchange rate, rising prices of bread and chicken, and further protests will be critical indicators of the sanctions' impact.

 

In the wake of Trump's announcement, Iran's economy groaned.

 

To counter Trump, Iran will emphasize its resistance-economy strategy, which entails less dependence on imports and better relations with other countries willing to navigate — and risk — U.S. sanctions. These moves will increase opportunities for Iran's domestic heavy industries, but it is uncertain what effects they will have on Iran's economic assault on the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps. The government will also try to mitigate the sanctions by reducing economic ties to places that are likely to buckle under to U.S. pressure or take steps toward more friendly partners such as China, Russia, Qatar and India.

 

(“What the U.S. Withdrawal Will”, ‘Stratfor’, The Brief, May 11, 2018)

 

SEE ALSO:

 

* See (in French) LUC MICHEL’S GEOPOLITICAL DAILY/

L’AXE TRUMP-LIKOUD-AIPAC CONTRE L’IRAN : TRUMP SORT DES ACCORDS SUR LE NUCLEAIRE IRANIEN ET REPREND LA BATAILLE DES SANCTIONS CONTRE TEHERAN

on http://www.lucmichel.net/2018/05/08/luc-michels-geopolitical-daily-laxe-trump-likoud-aipac-contre-liran-trump-sort-des-accords-sur-le-nucleaire-iranien-et-reprend-la-bataille-des-sanctions-contre-teheran/

 

* See LUC MICHEL’S GEOPOLITICAL DAILY/

SEEN FROM THE USA: HOW ISRAEL DESTROYED AGREEMENTS ON IRANIAN NUCLEAR (STRATFOR)

on http://www.eode.org/luc-michels-geopolitical-daily-seen-from-the-usa-how-israel-destroyed-agreements-on-iranian-nuclear-stratfor/

 

(Sources : Stratfor – EODE Think Tank)

 

LUC MICHEL (ЛЮК МИШЕЛЬ) & EODE

 

* With the Geopolitician of the Eurasia-Africa Axis:

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(Seen from Moscow and Malabo):

SPECIAL PAGE Luc MICHEL’s Geopolitical Daily

https://www.facebook.com/LucMICHELgeopoliticalDaily/

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* Luc MICHEL (Люк МИШЕЛЬ) :

WEBSITE http://www.lucmichel.net/ 

PAGE OFFICIELLE III – GEOPOLITIQUE

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* EODE :

EODE-TV https://vimeo.com/eodetv

WEBSITE http://www.eode.org/ 

 

 

 

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